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Cases of Extrajudicial Executions of Falun Gong Practitioners in Beijing, China  
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Overview

 

Since the beginning of the Chinese Government's violent persecution of its citizens who practice Falun Gong, hundreds of practitioners have been murdered by grievous tortures while in police custody, detention centers and labor camps. Here are the case reports of some of those tortured to death in Beijing.

 

These innocent Chinese citizens were arrested merely for their practice of Falun Gong, or for their lawful attempts to appeal to the Central Government to stop the persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. In most cases the authorities demand a detainee to write 3 letters: The first one is a letter of repentance, the second one is a formal renunciation of the practice of Falun Gong, and the third is a condemnation of the practice of Falun Gong. These letters are then used in the government's propaganda against the practice. A practitioner's refusal to renounce the practice triggers extremely harsh punitive measures by the authorities.

 

The police use various inhuman and illegal methods of torture on the detained practitioners to break their will and drive them to do what is demanded. They are beaten, verbally abused, shocked with electric batons, chained in contorted postures for extended periods, deprived of sleep, injected with debilitating drugs or disfigured. Their houses are ransacked, family members are persecuted, or their children are taken away. If a practitioner, groundlessly detained and subjected to such injuries, protests by going on a hunger strike, the authorities often proceed to force-feed them in a punitive manner, the sole purpose being to inflict more pain. The physical and psychological trauma of this overwhelming abuse too often results in the death of the practitioner.

 

1.     Zhao Xin Died after Her Release from Qinghe Detention Center

 

Victim:

Zhao Xin, female, 32, resident of Beijing, teacher at the Beijing University of Business and Industry

Location of Torture and Death:

 

Qinghe Detention Center, Haidian Police Department, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

1.      Gao Yu, Head of the Haidian Police Department, Beijing

2.      Zhang Baokui, Secretary of the Communist Party of the Haidian Police Department, Beijing

3.      Bai Gang, Head of the Qinghe Detention Center of the Haidian Police Department, Beijing

4.      Guards and police officers of the Qinghe Detention Center, Haidian Police Department, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On June 19, 2000, Ms. Zhao Xin went to practice Falun Gong in Zizhuyuan Park. She was arrested by the park police merely for practicing the Falun Gong exercises. She was sent to Zizhuyuan Police Station and then taken by police escort to the Qinghe Detention Center of the Haidian Police Department.

 

In the detention center, the officers, led by Bai Gang, severely beat and tortured her because she refused to renounce her practice of Falun Gong. They kicked her body and punched her face violently, inflicting injuries on her head and left eye and causing her to suffer great pain. Ms. Zhao went on a hunger strike to protest the maltreatment, however the officers caused her further anguish and physical trauma by force feeding her, and beating her with a heavy object. The brutal beating by the police resulted in a fracture of three of her neck vertebrae.

 

Because she was in critical condition, she was sent to the Haidian Hospital while still in shackles and handcuffs. The police made the hospital perform surgery on her without informing her family and relatives. After the surgery, she was paralyzed from the neck down. After having caused such a severely crippling injury, the Haidian Police Department released Ms. Zhao to her family. Despite the efforts to save Ms. Zhao, she died from injuries sustained while in custody. She struggled with extreme pain and suffering for six months before passing away on December 12, 2000.

 

News Reports:

 

1.      BBC news: Falun Gong member dies after beating

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/asia-pacific/newsid_1068000/1068640.stm

2.      Dallasnews: Sect member's death mourned in China

http://www.dallasnews.com/world/237917_china_14int.AR.html

3.      AFP: Falungong woman dies six months after Chinese police beating

12/12/00 22:38 (New York)

BEIJING, Dec 13 (AFP) - A Chinese college professor has died six months after being badly beaten by police while in detention for refusing to denounce the banned Falungong movement, group members said Wednesday.

Zhao Xin, a 32-year-old assistant professor at the Business and Economics College at the Beijing Industry and Commerce University, died Monday at her dormitory on the campus, according to her friends and a Falungong statement.

They said Zhao had a fractured neck vertebra when she was transferred from a Beijing detention center to hospital in critical condition on June 22, four days after she was arrested.

She also had bruised and swollen eyes, minor injuries to her head and difficulty breathing, they said.

A lecturer at the college since 1992, Zhao began practicing Falungong in 1998 and was arrested many times for appealing to the government to lift the ban and for practicing Falungong on Tiananmen Square.

The last time she was arrested was June 19 when she and 20 other Falungong practitioners were caught doing Falungong exercises at a Beijing park.

She was sent to the Qinghe Detention Center in Beijing's Haidian district, but refused to cooperate with police, friends say. She would not give her name and workplace and went on a hunger strike.

Friends believe she was severely beaten by police.

"She was healthy when they arrested her," a friend, who identified herself as Li Fang, told AFP.

Zhao was in a critical condition when she was taken to the hospital and had to be fed intravenously and could breathe only with a respirator, said Li, who said she had witnessed police beating practitioners.

Her family in November decided to sneak her out of the hospital because they did not believe the hospital could help her. Doctors said even if Zhao survived, she would have been paralyzed.

Li said Zhao also refused medicine from the hospital, believing it was ordered by the police to keep her weak.

"The hospital wanted to give her medicine, but she felt the medicine would do her harm," Li said.

Police officials confirmed to AFP Zhao had been detained at Qinghe, but refused to comment further.

The Falungong headquarters in New York said police claimed Zhao's wounds were self-inflicted. They said she banged her head against a wall, which led to the fracture.

Zhao's parents have tried to file a complaint with the Beijing procurator's office, but the office refused to accept their petition.

Around 75 Falungong practitioners are now reported by human rights groups to have died in suspicious circumstances in police detention since the group was banned as [] in July last year.

Falungong members follow the Buddhist-inspired teachings of their exiled guru Li Hongzhi, who advocates clean living and group morning exercises that involve traditional Chinese breathing routines.

4.      San Jose Mercury News: Falun Gong devotees stay visible with vigil at Chinese consulate

Published Thursday, Dec. 21, 2000, in the San Jose Mercury News

BY L.A. CHUNG

Mercury News Staff Columnist

At lunchtime, it's a normal holiday season weekday at Laguna and Geary streets. The 38 Geary bus is chugging along, making its screechy stops on both sides of the street. Traffic is whizzing by or turning north up into Japantown. And, as always, the Falun Gong protesters are sitting, silently sitting, across from the Chinese consulate.

…

Several Bay Area people were detained last year, including residents of Foster City, Fremont, San Jose and San Leandro. Such people were generally released back to the United States, but last week, China took a new tack. It indicted New York resident Teng Chunyan, a Chinese citizen with permanent-resident status in the United States. Teng had come to China in March and was accused of providing foreign journalists with photographs of Falun Gong practitioners detained in a psychiatric hospital, according to the Hong Kong-based Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy. Teng is the first foreign-based Falun Gong member to be put on trial.

On Monday, protesters held a memorial opposite the consulate in San Francisco for Zhao Xin, a 32-year-old Beijing college lecturer who succumbed this month to her injuries from a beating in June. Zhao's vertebrae were crushed in the arrest by Chinese police at a park while performing the Falun Gong exercises, Xu said.

…]

5.      Hundreds attend funeral of banned Chinese [group] member

CHRISTOPHER BODEEN

The Associated Press

12/13/00 8:45 AM

Mourners, undeterred by the political sensitivity surrounding the outlawed [group], boarded five buses for the funeral from the Beijing university where Zhao Xin taught before her death Monday following neck injuries allegedly sustained in police custody.

   Other mourners joined the gathering at the Babaoshan cemetery in western Beijing, where her body arrived in a van bedecked with traditional Buddhist saffron-yellow pennants -- a color often favored for Falun Gong banners and uniforms. However, no [group] emblems or symbols were visible during the brief funeral ceremony.

As many as three dozen uniformed and plainclothes police kept watch inside and outside the cemetery but did not turn mourners away. Foreign reporters, however, were ordered away and trailed by officers, apparently to deter mourners from granting interviews.

   Zhao, 32, a Falun Gong practitioner for two years, had taken part in numerous protests and been repeatedly arrested after the government outlawed the group as a social menace in July 1999, according to U.S.-based Falun Gong practitioners.

Zhao, an assistant professor at the business college of Beijing's Industry and Commerce University, was last arrested six months ago with 20 other Falun Gong practitioners as they practiced the group's slow motion exercises in a Beijing park, the U.S.-based adherents said in a statement.

In detention, she refused to give police her name or other personal information and began a hunger strike, the statement said.

Three days after her arrest, on June 22, detention center guards sent Zhao to a hospital with three fractured neck vertebrae, minor head injuries and breathing problems, the statement said. After an operation and three months of hospital treatment, she went home because her family could no longer afford the medical fees. She died Monday.

Police claimed Zhao refused to be force-fed and injured herself by banging her head against a wall, the statement said.

But the statement disputed the police account saying "her wound is a localized blunt fracture, which can only be caused by a strong external force" and that Zhao was "persecuted to death."

Authorities have detained tens of thousands of Falun Gong followers for protesting and practicing in public in the sustained 17-month crackdown on the [group].

As many as 5,000 followers have been jailed in labor camps and at least 74 have died in custody from beatings, neglect or other abuse, according to human rights groups.

The government has denied any mistreatment of detained [group] members. It claims to have protected civil rights by banning the group, which it []

Followers, however, believe Falun Gong's meditation and exercise routine promotes health and find moral guidance in its eclectic mix of Buddhist and Taoist ideas and the theories of its founder Li Hongzhi, who now lives in the United States.

6.      Boston Globe: Falun Gong members rally in Boston

David Abel, Globe Staff, 12/17/2000

When he returned to China last March to visit his mother, Zhiyuan Wang brought back something he had acquired from his new home in America.

It landed him in jail almost immediately.

Wang, who has lived in Boston for five years and has practiced Falun Gong for much of that time, said he couldn't stand watching police persecute fellow members of the meditation movement for their beliefs.

With the indignation of an American who views freedom of association, speech, and religion as sacrosanct, the 48-year-old cardiologist marched into the local police headquarters in his hometown in Sichuan Province and demanded that police halt their campaign to stamp out Falun Gong, which leaders say has about 70 million members in China.

The police didn't flinch, he said. They arrested Wang and locked him in a small room. During his one-day detention, he said, they made him stand for hours and denied him food, water, and use of a bathroom.

''I thought the persecution was wrong, and I needed to do something about it,'' he said. ''I needed to tell the authorities the truth about what was happening.''

''We are not here to bother anyone,'' said Michael Tseng, the rally's organizer. ''We're here only to raise awareness of the persecution and the atrocities.''

Among those atrocities, the Falun Gong says, was the death of Zhao Xin, a 32-year-old economics lecturer, in China. Police arrested her at Beijing Technical and Business University in June for openly performing her Falun Gong practices in a park. Three days later, according to the group, she was taken to a hospital with lacerations and bruises on her head and back and three vertebrae in her spine crushed. Members of the group said she died a few days ago.

For Wang and the others, the brutality is unconscionable. He was one of the lucky ones. Wang persuaded his guards to let him go, against the wishes of their superiors. If he hadn't, he said, he would probably still be in jail today.

''I am not afraid to say the truth,'' said Wang, now a medical researcher at Massachusetts General Hospital. ''But the truth needs to be heard by more people.''

7.      The Metro: Fears Unfounded About Falun Gong

Jason Loftus

Falun Gong has been making international headlines as the peaceful teaching that is being persecuted in China. But why would a teaching geared to raising moral quality warrant Chinese president Jiang Zemin's rule of law that states: "No means are too excessive to exterminate Falun Gong." What is it about Falun Gong that frightens the Chinese regime so much? Why after 7 years of praise and support did the Chinese government's favour change?rom embracing Falun Gong, awarding its founder the Frontier Science Award and Qigong Master Most Acclaimed By the Masses and praising Falun Gong for saving "100 billion yuan" in annual medical expenses (US News and World Report February 1999), to the current brutal persecution and smear campaign?

….

So does Falun Gong warrant the brutal crackdown that the Chinese Government says it deserves? Does it warrant the brutal torture and killing of over 170 normal everyday people like Chen Zixiu, a 58-year-old grandmother who was beaten to death in police custody for practicing Falun Gong, or Zhao Xin, a 33-year-old university lecturer who had her spine broken in police custody and later died from her injuries? Does it warrant the estimated 50 thousand practitioners jailed across China, as documented by Amnesty International? Or is this just another attempt to cover up a big mistake?

Last week we all heard the tragic death of nearly 40 school children in Fanglin, China, where they had been forced to make fireworks to fund their teacher's reduced wages. However, Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji went on Chinese national television to say that a mad man had set off a suicide bomb, killing the children as well as himself.

In this era of high speed communication and true investigative reporting it seems that the Chinese Government can no longer hide it's deadly manipulation and human rights abuses behind it's own borders.

….

The UN Declaration on Human Rights affirmed fifty-two years ago that "basic human rights are not cultural, but universal; what a country does to people within its own borders is not its business alone, but the business of all of us."

Will we learn from our past mistakes of silence in the face of persecution? Only time will tell.

 

2.     Chu Congrui Beaten to Death while in Police Custody

 

Victim:

Chu Congrui, female, 19, a resident of Shulan city, Jilin province

  

Location of Torture and Death:

 

The Haidian District Police Substation, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

The director and staff of the Haidian District Police Substation in Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On December 1, 2000, Ms. Chu Congrui went to Beijing to appeal to the government to stop persecuting Falun Gong practitioners. The police arrested her in Tiananmen Square and placed her in the custody of the Haidian District Police Substation. On December 13, 2000, because Ms. Chu still refused to renounce Falun Gong, she was beaten and tortured to death at the Haidian District Police Substation.

 

On December 17, 2000, the Haidian District Police notified Ms. Chu's family to come to Beijing to claim her body. The police claimed that Ms. Chu died because of fasting. But the doctor disagreed, because her nose was broken, her face and lips were severely swollen, her body was bloody all over, and both ears were plugged with blood soaked cotton swabs. These signs indicated that Ms. Chu had suffered horrific pain and mental anguish while being violently beaten before she died. On December 18, 2000, she was cremated in Changping County of Beijing.

 

Ms. Chu's parents have been experiencing enormous sorrow and grief. Her father's eyes became dry from continuous crying and her mother is sedated daily because she cannot handle the emotional pain. When Ms. Chu's fiancι and her mother came back to Shulan city from Beijing, the local policeman tried to arrest them simply because they knew the truth of Ms. Chu's death. In order to avoid arrest by the local police, they have been forced to become homeless.

 

News Reports:

 

1.      AFP: Chinese Police Blamed for Deaths of Three Falun Gong Women

BEIJING, Jan 11, 2001 -- (Agence France Presse) Three female members of the banned Falun Gong spiritual movement have died after severe beatings or force-feeding by Chinese police, a human rights group said Thursday.

The cases raised the number of deaths of Falun Gong practitioners in suspicious circumstances in detention to 98, said the Hong Kong-based Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy.

Liu Guimin, 30, is believed to have died as a result of force-feeding by police while she was on a hunger strike in jail following her arrest during a New Year's Day Falun Gong protest in Beijing's Tiananmen Square.

Liu, a resident of Beijing's suburb of Miyun, suffered damage to her lungs when police forced her to eat, the center said.

Police released Liu on January 5 when she was in a critical condition and she died on January 7, just seven days after she was arrested along with 700 Falun Gong members during a mass protest in the square.

The center said local police and government officials confirmed Liu's death, but an official at the local police station told AFP he had never heard of Liu and declined to comment further.

Amnesty International has alleged that many detained Falun Gong members suffer death or injury due to force-feeding by police officers and jail staff who have no training.

The second victim, Chu Congrui,, died last month at a police station in Beijing. The native of northern Jilin province was arrested while protesting on Tiananmen Square on December 1.

Police notified her family on December 17 that she had died and when they went to see the body they saw it had several bruises and that Cong's ears had blood around them, a sign she was severely beaten, the center said.

The center also said local officials confirmed the death. A government spokesman for the township, Tiande, where Chu is from said he heard she died, but did not have any details.

The third victim, Yu Lianchun, from Jinan city in Shandong province, was also beaten to death, the center said.

Yu, 45, was a worker at a factory in Shandong. She was sentenced to labor camp and on December 30, the labor camp staff notified her family she had died.

Family members also found several bruises on her body.

Labor camp officials and factory workers confirmed the death to the center, the center said.

A factory spokesman on Thursday, however, told AFP he was not aware of the case.

China banned Falun Gong in July 1999 and since then 98 Falun Gong members have died in police custody, hundreds sentenced to prison and thousands sent to labor camp without trial, the center said.

[...]

 

3.     Liu Guimin Died from Punitive Force Feeding

 

Victim:

Liu Guimin, female, 35, resident of Dougezhuang Village, Jugezhuang Town in Miyun County, Beijing, China

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

The Haidian Detention Center, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

The Head and guards at the Haidian Detention Center, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On December 31, 2000, Ms. Liu Guimin went to Tiananmen Square to appeal to the Chinese government to stop its persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. She was arrested and detained at the Haidian Detention Center, Beijing.

 

She went on a hunger strike to protest her detention and the police brutally force-fed her, inflicting severe trauma and internal bleeding. Because of her critical condition, police feared that she would die in their detention center, so, on January 5, 2001, they took her back home. On January 7, 2000, she passed away after the hospital unsuccessfully attempted to save her life. Right before she died, she vomited a great amount of blood, which had accumulated in her lungs due to the severe trauma caused by the punitive force-feeding at the detention center.

 

News Reports:

 

1.      AFP: Chinese Police Blamed for Deaths of Three Falun Gong Women

BEIJING, Jan 11, 2001 -- (Agence France Presse) Three female members of the banned Falun Gong spiritual movement have died after severe beatings or force-feeding by Chinese police, a human rights group said Thursday.

The cases raised the number of deaths of Falun Gong practitioners in suspicious circumstances in detention to 98, said the Hong Kong-based Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy.

Liu Guimin, 30, is believed to have died as a result of force-feeding by police while she was on a hunger strike in jail following her arrest during a New Year's Day Falun Gong protest in Beijing's Tiananmen Square.

Liu, a resident of Beijing's suburb of Miyun, suffered damage to her lungs when police forced her to eat, the center said.

Police released Liu on January 5 when she was in a critical condition and she died on January 7, just seven days after she was arrested along with 700 Falun Gong members during a mass protest in the square.

The center said local police and government officials confirmed Liu's death, but an official at the local police station told AFP he had never heard of Liu and declined to comment further.

Amnesty International has alleged that many detained Falun Gong members suffer death or injury due to force-feeding by police officers and jail staff who have no training.

The second victim, Chu Congrui,, died last month at a police station in Beijing. The native of northern Jilin province was arrested while protesting on Tiananmen Square on December 1.

Police notified her family on December 17 that she had died and when they went to see the body they saw it had several bruises and that Cong's ears had blood around them, a sign she was severely beaten, the center said.

The center also said local officials confirmed the death. A government spokesman for the township, Tiande, where Chu is from said he heard she died, but did not have any details.

The third victim, Yu Lianchun, from Jinan city in Shandong province, was also beaten to death, the center said.

Yu, 45, was a worker at a factory in Shandong. She was sentenced to labor camp and on December 30, the labor camp staff notified her family she had died.

Family members also found several bruises on her body.

Labor camp officials and factory workers confirmed the death to the center, the center said.

A factory spokesman on Thursday, however, told AFP he was not aware of the case.

China banned Falun Gong in July 1999 and since then 98 Falun Gong members have died in police custody, hundreds sentenced to prison and thousands sent to labor camp without trial, the center said.

[...]

 

4.     Li Jingchun Died from Force Feeding while in Detention

 

Victim:

Li Jingchun, female, 47, salesperson at the Haihui Shopping Mart in Jiujiang city, Jiangxi province. She lived in the town of Sanlijie, Jiujiang city.

  

Location of Torture and Death:

 

The Mentougou District Detention Center, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

The Head and guards at the Mentougou District Detention Center, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On December 18, 2000, Ms. Li Jingchun went to Beijing to appeal to the central government to stop persecuting Falun Gong and its practitioners. She was detained and tortured at the Mentougou District Detention Center, Beijing. She went on a hunger strike to protest the detention and torture. On the fifth day of her hunger strike, the guards force-fed her through her nose with half a bottle of soy milk. After the force-feeding, Ms. Li coughed all the time and developed a fever. Her fellow inmates found her in bad shape, and reported it to the guard on duty, but the guard ignored the situation.

 

On December 30, 2000, as her condition further deteriorated and became critical, the guards forced her to drink a bottle of their "soy milk." Afraid that she would die at the detention center, the guards took her home. After Ms. Li was returned home, her family made every effort to save her; however, her fever and coughing did not subside. She vomited some white liquid that had a very pungent odor. She died on January 4, 2001.

 

5.     Qi Jinsheng Tortured to Death within Two Days in Police Custody

 

Victim:

Qi Jinsheng, male, 27, born in Henan province, life insurance salesmen, resident of Xinglongtai, Panjin city, Liaoning province, China

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

The Beijing Police Station

 

Perpetrators:

 

The head and policemen from the Beijing Police Station

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On November 1, 2000, Mr. Qi Jinsheng went to Beijing to appeal to the government to stop its persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. He was arrested and taken into police custody. On November 3, 2000, the police notified his brother and sister to come and pick up his remains. Mr. Qi's elder sister went to Beijing, where she found Mr. Qi's entire lower abdomen and legs were covered with many electric shock burns. His sister requested, but was denied, an investigation by a legal medical expert. Mr. Qi's body was hastily cremated by the police.

 

6.     Sun Youfa Died from Torture while in Police Custody

 

Victim:

Sun Youfa, male, 24, lived at the 2nd group of the Eastern Suburb Committee of Kangping, Lishu Town, Lishu County, Jilin province, China

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

The Fengtai Detention Center, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

The Head and guards from the Fengtai Detention Center, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On the afternoon of December 31, 2000, Chinese Public Security arrested Mr. Sun Youfa at Tiananmen Square for unfurling a Falun Gong banner. That evening they placed him in custody at the Fengtai Detention Center.

 

On January 1, 2001, during the interrogation at the Fengtai Detention Center, the policemen beat Mr. Sun Youfa's head and body with a police baton and kicked his calves with their hard-soled boots. Mr. Sun's hands and legs were shackled together in a position where he could neither lie down nor stand up, and was left bent over in this excruciating position in the corner of his cell.

 

On January 2, 2001, two days after Mr. Sun went on a hunger strike to protest the inhumane treatment, the guards began to force-feed him. They squeezed his nose and hit his chest hard to force-feed the fluid mixture of milk and an over saturation of salt. As a result of this painful and debilitating torture, Mr. Sun had difficulty breathing. On January 3, 2001, he received the punitive force-feeding twice that day and became even weaker.

 

On January 4, 2001, the police officer tried to give him an intravenous injection but Mr. Sun refused it and removed the needle from his vein. The officer was infuriated and shaved Mr. Sun's hair off completely as a punishment. The next day the officer continued to force the intravenous injection into him.

 

On January 6, 2001, Mr. Sun had been tortured so severely that his condition became critical and he was transferred to a hospital. The doctor observed that he was on the verge of death and listed him as a terminally ill patient. Instead of letting him stay in the hospital, they sent him back to the detention center. The detention center rushed Mr. Sun to the train station in order to have him die somewhere else. Upon seeing that Mr. Sun was in critical condition, the train conductor turned down the request from the police to put the dying man on board the train. The police had to take Mr. Sun back to the detention center to await management's decision. The detention center had two escorts take him to the train station again. This time the two escorts abandoned Mr. Sun at the station while he was waiting for them to buy a train ticket for him. The station informed his family members where Mr. Sun was located and they picked him up and took him home.

 

There were handcuff marks on his hands and legs as well as needle puncture marks on his arms. He was terribly short of breath. On January 13, 2001, Mr. Sun died as a result of the tortures inflicted on him while in the detention center.

 

7.     Sun Shaomei Tortured to Death in Tuanhe Labor Camp

 

Victim:

Sun Shaomei, female, 43, employee of the Supply and Marketing Cooperative, resident of Goushang Village, Linglong Town, Zhaoyuan County, Shandong province, China

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

1.      The Tuanhe Labor Camp, Daxing County, Beijing

2.      The Tuanhe State Farm Hospital, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

The Head and guards of Tuanhe Labor Camp, Daxing County, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

In 1999, Ms. Sun Shaomei had gone to Beijing many times to appeal to the government to end the persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. Each time she was arrested, beaten, and fined. After February 14, 2000, the Linglong Branch of the Zhaoyuan Police Station had detained her for nearly 8 months for continuing to go to Beijing to appeal to stop the persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners.

 

After her release, Ms. Sun went to Beijing to appeal and was arrested again. On November 28, 2000, she was transferred to Tuanhe Labor Camp in Daxing County of Beijing. She was beaten severely in the labor camp. On December 2, 2000, she was sent to Tuanhe State Farm Hospital for emergency treatment. At 11:45 a.m. on December 12, 2000, Ms. Sun died as a result of the beatings she received in the labor camp.

 

News Report:

 

1.      AFP: Seven More Falun Gong Followers Die in Chinese Custody

BEIJING, Feb 7, 2001 -- (Agence France Presse) Seven more followers of the outlawed Falun Gong [group] have died in police custody with all victims showing signs of beatings or mistreatment, a Hong Kong-based human rights group said Wednesday.

The seven deaths occurred in prisons and detention centers around China over the last two months and have increased the total number of recorded deaths of Falun Gong practitioners in police custody to 112, the Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy said.

AFP could only independently confirm the deaths of two of the followers, Wang Lixin and Yu Wenjiang, who both died in prisons in the northeastern province of Jilin. Police denied they were beaten to death.

Meanwhile the rights center painted a gory picture of alleged maltreatment in Chinese prisons.

On February 2, police in the central Anhui province informed the family of Li Mei that their 28-year-old daughter had died in a local labor camp, the center said.

Li had a history of complaining about beatings since she had been sentenced to two years labor last June for protesting against the nationwide ban on the spiritual group, the center said.

Family members who were allowed to see Li's body said her face was covered with bruises, while there were traces of blood from her nose, mouth and ears and gauze bandages were wrapped around her neck, claimed the center.

On January 16, police in Shijiazhuang city, in the northern province of Hebei, notified the family of Liu Rongxiu that Liu had died in the city's detention center, the center said.

Liu was arrested on December 6 after protesting in Beijing's Tiananmen Square and embarked on a hunger strike after he was sent back to his hometown of Shijiazhuang, the center said.

Before police hurriedly cremated Liu's remains, the family said that his head had been bandaged and dried blood was caked around his mouth, the center said.

Wang Lixin, a Falun Gong practitioner in Jilin city, Jilin province, was arrested last November 24 for distributing leaflets supporting the banned group and began a hunger strike in the local detention center immediately after his arrest, the center said.

On December 3, two policemen began to beat Wang who died two hours later, the center alleged.

Also listed as beaten to death in police custody was Sun Shaomei, who was arrested for protesting on Tiananmen Square in November and died in a labor camp in Shandong on December 12, the center said. Family members said her body was covered with bruises.

Yu Wenjiang, arrested on December 18 in Jilin province, was reported dead on January 2 at the Siping detention center and apparently died after being force-fed while on a hunger strike, while Xiao Yanglong was also reported to have died in a Fujian detention center in July after being force-fed while on a hunger strike, the center said.

The seventh victim was Wang Yijia, who was practicing Falun Gong exercises in his home in Hengyang city, Hunan province, in January when police burst in and tried to arrest him.

Wang refused to cooperate and ran to his balcony and fell to his death, the center said.

 

8.     Guan Chaosheng Beaten to Death by Police

 

Victim:

Guan Chaosheng, male, 56, a resident of Qidong County?, Hunan province

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

The Xicheng District Detention Center, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

The Director and the policemen from the Xicheng District Detention Center of Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

In mid-December 1999, Mr. Guan Chaosheng went to Beijing to appeal to the central government to stop persecuting Falun Gong practitioners. Mr. Guan was arrested and detained at the Xicheng District Detention Center of Beijing where the policemen beat him to death. There were large black and blue marks on his abdomen.  Many splinters were discovered in his head. His whole body was covered with bruises and wounds. His family's request for an investigation into his death was denied. The authorities paid 1,200 Yuan in compensation to his family. The Qidong city Public Security Bureau took 700 Yuan and gave only 500 Yuan to Mr. Guan's family.

 

News Reports:

 

1.      AP: 3 more Falun Gong members die in police custody

WIRE:04/20/2000 09:46:00 ET

BEIJING (AP) _ Three more members of the banned Falun Gong spiritual movement have died of beatings or hunger strikes while in custody, including one who may still have been breathing when police cremated him, a human rights group said Thursday.

At least 15 Falun Gong practitioners have died in custody since the group was banned nine months ago, the Hong Hong-based Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy said.

The government has disputed some of those claims, saying practitioners committed suicide or died of natural causes, not because of any mistreatment.

The Information Center cited family members of those killed, unidentified officials and unidentified Falun Gong practitioners.

It said Zhang Zhenggang, a 36-year-old bank worker and Falun Gong organizer in Huaian city in eastern Jiangsu province, was beaten March 25 by a guard and another prisoner with wooden batons, leaving him in a coma.

Five days later, police took the comatose Zhang, who was still breathing and had a pulse, from the hospital to a crematorium, the Information Center said.

"Zhang Zhenggang may still have been alive when he was cremated," it said.

A city police official, contacted by telephone, said he knew nothing about the case.

The Information Center said Falun Gong member Guan Chaosheng was beaten to death by police in Beijing after he came to the capital to protest.

Members have been coming to Beijing almost every day to protest the ban, and are often picked up on Tiananmen Square.

The Information Center said authorities paid $1,200 in compensation to Guan's family.

A police official in Guan's hometown, in Qidong county in southern Hunan province, said he did not know about the case.

Falun Gong member Li Yanhua died April 14 in a labor camp after a hunger strike, the Information Center said.

Li, an employee at an aircraft manufacturer in Nanchang, a city in the southern province of Jiangxi, was sentenced in January to two years in prison after she came to Beijing to protest, the group said.

It said 60 other Falun Gong members imprisoned in the labor camp are on a hunger strike that began April 4.

 

9.     Wang Xiuying Died from Force-Feeding while in Detention

 

Victim:

Wang Xiuying, female, 45, lived at Nankantou Street, Daowai District, Harbin city, Heilongjiang province

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

Jiaomen Detention Center of Chongwen District, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

The Head and guards at the Jiaomen Detention Center of Chongwen District, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On May 13, 2000, Ms. Wang Xiuying was arrested in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, while appealing to end the government's persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. She was then detained in the Jiaomen Detention Center of the Chongwen District in Beijing. She went on a hunger strike to protest her illegal detention and demanded to be released without criminal charges. After three days on the hunger strike, as a method of torture, four guards threw her to the ground and force-fed her through the nose. Over the following nine-day period, the detention center guards force-fed Ms. Wang with over-saturated salt water five times which traumatized her both mentally and physically.

 

On May 22, 2000, Ms. Wang was forcibly given an intravenous drip. At 7:00 p.m. she lost consciousness, she died in that evening.

 

News Reports:

 

1.      AP: Members of Banned [Falun Gong] Die

Friday June 16, 2000 3:50 pm

BEIJING (AP) - Two members of the banned Falun Gong spiritual movement have died in police custody in China's capital, possibly due to ill-treatment, a Hong Kong-based human rights group said Friday.

The two were from different parts of China and, like thousands of Falun Gong followers, were detained in Beijing for protesting the communist government's ban on their group.

Wang Xiuying, from the northeastern city of Harbin, was in the ninth day of a hunger strike when detention center medics forcibly administered an intravenous drip on May 22, the Information Center of Human Rights and Democracy reported.

A day later, Wang lost consciousness and was sent to a nearby hospital, where she died, the Information Center said, citing sources at the detention center.

The second Falun Gong member, Tian Shiqiang, of Suining city in southwestern Sichuan province, died suddenly after he was detained by police on June 6, the Information Center said. It added that family members suspected he had been beaten because his body was cremated before they could see it.

….

 

10.     Mei Yulan Died as a result of Force Feeding in Detention

 

Victim:

Mei Yulan, female, 44, resident of Chaoyang District, Beijing

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

Nutong Cell # 607, Chaoyang District Detention Center, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

Deputies and prisoners at the Chaoyang District Detention Center, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On May 13, 2000, Ms. Mei Yulan was arrested and arbitrarily detained in Nutong Cell # 607, Chaoyang District Detention Center, Beijing, merely, because she did Falun Gong exercises in front of her home. Ms. Mei, together with other detained Falun Gong practitioners, started a hunger strike for unconditional release and the right to practice Falun Gong. To torture them, the guards of Chaoyang District Detention Center started force-feeding these practitioners with over-saturated salt water and soy milk. However, instead having an experienced person perform the force-feedings, the guards ordered a criminal in custody to do it.

 

On the morning of May 17, 2000, the guards once again dragged Ms. Mei out of her cell and force-fed her. Her screaming could be heard in the surrounding cells. On the night of May 18, 2000, she had a severe headache and experienced difficulty in breathing. Gradually her hands and feet became cold and her eyes stopped moving. The other practitioners detained in the same cell immediately informed the doctor on duty. Ms. Mei was then taken to the emergency room in the Civil Aviation Hospital.

 

On May 22, 2000, two practitioners went to visit Ms. Mei in the hospital and found her eyes were covered with white tape. They called her name three times but there was no response. Her chest heaved up and down with the assistance of medical devices. When the visitors inquired about Ms. Mei's situation, the doctor only said that Ms. Mei was a "special" patient and all information was to remain confidential by order of the authorities.

 

At 4:10 p.m., on May 23, 2000, Mei passed away in the hospital as a direct result of the force-feeding.

 

News Reports:

1.      China's Rules

04/26/2000

The Washington Post

FINAL

Page A34

http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn?pagename=article&node=opinion&contentId=A15755-2000Apr25

2.      AFP: Hunger-Striking Falun gong Member Killed by Force-feeding

BEIJING, May 26, 2000 -- (Agence France Presse) A hunger-striking member of the banned Falungong spiritual group died in Chinese police detention after she was fatally injured during force-feeding, a member of the movement told AFP Friday.

The death of 44-year-old Mei Yulan at a Beijing hospital was confirmed by police and hospital staff who admitted she had died after a hunger strike, but declined to elaborate on the exact circumstances of her death.

Mei's death brings to 19 the number of Falungong members who have died in police detention since the movement was banned in July last year, according to a toll by the Hong Kong-based Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy.

A Falungong member, asking to remain anonymous, said Mei was arrested on May 13 in the Chaoyang district of Beijing while she was doing breathing exercises popular with the movement.

He said Mei began a hunger strike the next day, and that when police tried to force-feed her on May 17 the feeding tube was wrongly inserted causing serious injuries.

The source said Mei immediately lapsed into a coma and was taken on May 18 to Minghang hospital where she never regained consciousness and died on May 23.

A mortuary official at Minghan hospital confirmed to AFP that Mei had died on Tuesday, adding that "hunger strike" had been listed as the official cause of death on her medical records.

She said the body was still at the mortuary, adding that an official from the detention center had come to view the body with Mei's family.

An official from Beijing's Sun He police station also confirmed Mei's death and said she was a Falungong practitioner, but he declined further comment.

The Chinese authorities launched a nationwide crackdown against the Falungong movement after they banned the group in July last year and labeled it an "evil cult."

Tens of thousands of members have been detained and sent for re-education, while those accused of being core leaders of the movement have been sentenced to jail terms of up to 18 years.

Mei's death came after the Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy said earlier this week that 52-year-old Falungong practitioner Yao Baorong jumped from the fifth floor of a police station in northwest China.

The centre said Yao, 52, died in hospital after jumping out of a window of the Anning district police station in Gansu province's Lanzhou City last Saturday afternoon.

Local police refused to comment on the center's faxed report, which said Yao's suicide leap followed numerous unsuccessful police attempts to make the local government employee give up her belief in Falungong.

The two deaths follow confirmation last week by Shuangcheng city police in northeast Heilongjiang province that a 45-year-old male follower died while in their custody.

Falungong claims tens of millions of followers in China, attracted by an eclectic mix of traditional qigong Chinese breathing exercises and Buddhist and Taoist philosophies.

 

((c) 2000 Agence France Presse)

 

11.            Tian Shiqiang Died while in Police Custody

 

Victim:

Tian Shiqiang, male, Lanjiang Town, Suining city, Sichuan province

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

1.      The Fifteenth Section of the Beijing Police Department, Beijing

2.      Suining city Liaison Office in Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

Police from the Fifteenth Section of the Beijing Police Department, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On June 5, 2000, Mr. Tian Shiqiang went to Beijing to appeal to the government to stop the persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. He was detained on June 6, 2000 by the Fifteenth Section of Beijing Police Department where the police beat him. At 1:00 a.m. on June 7, 2000, he was hurriedly sent to the Suining city Liaison Office in Beijing. He died at 11:30 a.m. on the same day.

 

His body was cremated before his family could see him.  His family requested an investigation of his death, however, the local government denied it.

 

News Reports:

 

1.      AP: Members of Banned [Falun Gong] Die

Friday June 16, 2000 3:50 pm

BEIJING (AP) - Two members of the banned Falun Gong spiritual movement have died in police custody in China's capital, possibly due to ill-treatment, a Hong Kong-based human rights group said Friday.

The two were from different parts of China and, like thousands of Falun Gong followers, were detained in Beijing for protesting the communist government's ban on their group.

Wang Xiuying, from the northeastern city of Harbin, was in the ninth day of a hunger strike when detention center medics forcibly administered an intravenous drip on May 22, the Information Center of Human Rights and Democracy reported.

A day later, Wang lost consciousness and was sent to a nearby hospital, where she died, the Information Center said, citing sources at the detention center.

The second Falun Gong member, Tian Shiqiang, of Suining city in southwestern Sichuan province, died suddenly after he was detained by police on June 6, the Information Center said. It added that family members suspected he had been beaten because his body was cremated before they could see it.

Since Chinese leaders outlawed Falun Gong as a public menace in July, thousands of followers have been arrested and an unknown number sent to labor camps. Unconfirmed reports by human rights groups and Falun Gong organizers say at least 20 members have died in police custody.

….

 

12.            Ren Jinhuan Tortured to Death in Beijing

 

Victim:

Ren Jinhuan, female, a resident of Fang County, Hubei province

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

1.      The Fang County Detention Center, Hubei province

2.      A detention Center in Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

The Head and policemen from above two detention centers

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

After the Chinese government's persecution of Falun Gong began in July 1999, Ms. Ren Jinhuan was dismissed from her job for being a Falun Gong practitioner. She had no other source of income. On September 20, 1999, she went to Beijing to appeal to the central government to stop the persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. She was beaten and arrested there. Later, she was escorted back to Fang County in Hubei province and detained at the Fang County Detention Center for 28 days. She went on a hunger strike to protest the detention and was force-fed and beaten by the police at the detention center. Her face was black and blue due to the beatings. By the time her mother was allowed to see her, she was almost beyond recognition. While she was in detention, the local police ransacked her home, confiscated her personal property and cash. The police also pressured and threatened her family members and detained her 60-year-old mother for 2 days.

 

On April 25, 2000, Ms. Ren once again went to Beijing to appeal for the mistreatment against her for being a Falun Gong practitioner. After she was arrested, the police in the detention center in Beijing beat and tortured her. On April 28, 2000, her family was informed that she had been rendered disabled due to the beating during detention. The police demanded that her mother pay 40,000 Yuan (about 5,000 US dollars) for her medical expenses. On May 5, 2000, her family was told that she died. On May 11, 2000, her ashes were brought back to Fang County, Hubei province.

 

13.            Li Xifang Killed while in Beijing Police Custody

 

Victim:

Li Xifang, female, 58, a resident of Tuanjie Residential District, Tonghua city, Jilin province

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

1.      Tiananmen Square, Beijing

2.      A detention center in Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

1.      The director and policemen from the Tiananmen Square Police Station

2.      The director and policemen from a Beijing detention center

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

In mid-September 2001, Ms. Li Xifang traveled to Beijing to appeal to the government to stop persecuting Falun Gong and its practitioners. Consequently, she was arrested in Tiananmen Square just because she was a practitioner.

 

On September 17, 2001, the officials of Tuanjie Police Station of Jilin province, together with members of Ms. Li's family went to Beijing to escort her back to her hometown in Tonghua city, Jilin province. On September 18, 2001, the police notified her family members that Ms. Li had suddenly died at the police detention center.

 

14.            Gong Baohua Died from Force-Feeding while in Custody

 

Victim:

Gong Baohua, female, 35, Liudian Village, Pinggu County, Beijing

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

1.      The Liudian Village Police Station, Pinggu County, Beijing

2.      The Pinggu County Detention Center, Pinggu County, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

1.      Rao Wenyong, the associate director, and the policeman from Liudian Village Police Station, Pinggu County, Beijing

2.      Li Hongwen, the director of the Pinggu County Detention Center, Pinggu County, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On June 17, 2000, Ms. Gong Baohua went to Beijing to appeal to the government to stop persecuting Falun Gong and its practitioners. Before she had a chance to appeal, she was arrested by the police as soon as she arrived at the Dongzhimen bus station just because she was a Falun Gong practitioner. The police immediately escorted Ms. Gong to the Liudian Village Police Station and brutally beat her.

 

The Associate Director of the police station slapped Ms. Gong's face. Then he used a broom to beat her head and face. He continued beating her until the broom broke from the force of the beatings. The beatings broke Ms. Gong's nose bridge and blood spurted all over the ground. A policeman also verbally abused Ms. Gong. He laughed and sarcastically commented that practitioners will not bleed even while being beaten up. He also asked her why she was bleeding. The police did not allow Ms. Gong and other detained Falun Gong practitioners to sit down and forced them to stand while being interrogated, despite their weariness and anguish. Ms. Gong was severely injured and traumatized.

 

Ms. Gong's family members and local friends asked the police to allow her to go home for recovery. Instead, in order to cover up their brutality, the police escorted Ms. Gong and the other practitioners to the Pinggu County Detention Center. However Ms. Gong was so seriously injured that the detention center refused to take her, and then she was sent back home. On June 18, 2000, while on her way to the hospital with her family members, Ms. Gong was again accosted by policemen from the Liudian Police Station. They forcibly pulled her out of her car, and escorted her back to Pinggu County Detention Center for a second time. In fear of being exposed for their viciousness in carrying out their beatings, the police shut down all of the photo studios in the county. They confiscated the privately filmed photos of the Falun Gong practitioners that would have exposed the facts of the beating.

 

In the detention center, to defend their rights to be released without charge, Ms. Gong and other practitioners began a hunger strike. At approximately 8:00 p.m. on June 25, 2000, the guards began to torture Ms. Gong by brutally force-feeding her through the nose, ignoring that it was broken.  After being sent back to the cell, Ms. Gong's face looked pale. She repeatedly said that her chest felt numb and that the guards must have mistakenly inserted the feeding tube into her trachea during the force-feeding. About 10 minutes later, she suddenly lost consciousness. Her fellow inmates immediately called the guards, but the authorities did not pay any attention.

 

On the morning of June 27, 2000, the inmates implored the guards to give her medical attention, because her health continued to deteriorate. Around 10:00 a.m., the detention center clinicians agreed to send Ms. Gong to the hospital. Around 9:00 p.m., Ms. Gong died in the hospital due to the beating, torture by force-feeding, and the lack of immediate and proper medical treatment.

 

News report:

 

1.      AP: Excerpt of Media Report on the Death of Gong Baohua

July 27, 2000

BEIJING (AP) -- Police forcibly fed a hunger striker protesting the crackdown on the Falun Gong spiritual group, causing the woman to choke to death, a Hong Kong-based human rights group said Thursday.

Gong Baohua died last month, about a week after police broke her nose while arresting her at a demonstration in Beijing, the Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy reported.

Police tried to force the 35-year-old woman to eat by using a nasal feeding tube at a detention center near her home in Pinggu County, outside of Beijing, the group said.

The account could not be immediately confirmed because police at the Pinggu Public Security Bureau declined to discuss the case.

On Wednesday, the group said another woman, 50-year-old school teacher An Xiukun, choked to death last month when police forcibly fed her. At least 26 Falun Gong followers have died in detention in the past year, the rights group said.

 

15.            Zhang Shuqi Tortured to Death by the Xicheng Police Department

 

Victim:

 

Zhang Shuqi, female, 53, resident of Beijing

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

1.      The Changqiao Police Station, Xicheng Police Department, Beijing

2.      The Xicheng Police Department Detention Center, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

1.      The Head of the Changqiao Police Station, Xicheng Police Department, Beijing

2.      The Head of the Xicheng Police Department Detention Center, Beijing

3.      Mr. Lu, police officer form the Changqiao Police Station, Xicheng Police Department, Beijing

4.      Mr. Xiang, police officer from the Xicheng Police Department Detention Center, Beijing

5.      Guards from both the Changqiao Police Station and the Xicheng Police Department Detention Center, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On December 26, 1999, Ms. Zhang Shuqi went to observe the show-trial of the four former Falun Gong contact people in Beijing. The Beijing police arrested her in front of the court just because she was a Falun Gong practitioner. She was sent to Changqiao Police Station. The next day, she was transferred to the Xicheng Police Department and was detained there because she refused to renounce Falun Gong.

 

During her time in custody, guards and police officers including Mr. Lu and Mr. Xiang, led by the heads of the detention center and police station, beat and tortured her. The officers forced her to stand for long periods of time as punishment and threw her to the ground. They also force-fed her through the nose when she went on a hunger strike to protest her illegal detention and handcuffed her so tightly it left scars on her wrists.

 

After 20 days of detention, when she was near death, the police escorted Ms. Zhang back to her home. She lost consciousness within an hour of her return. The next day, she died due to the severe injuries sustained while in police custody.

 

16.            Liu Yucai Tortured to Death at Chaoyang Detention Center

 

Victim:

Liu Yucai, male, 60, a private doctor in North Mayi Village in Panshi city, Jilin province, China

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

The Beijing Chaoyang Detention Center, Beijing

 

Perpetrator:

 

The Head of the Beijing Chaoyang Detention Center, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On October 1, 2000, Mr. Liu Yucai went to Beijing to appeal to the central government to stop its persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. He was arrested and sent to the Beijing Chaoyang Detention Center where he was beaten to death. On October 5, 2000, his family was informed of his death. Severe injuries were found on both sides of his chest and around his neck. On October 6, 2000, his body was cremated.

 

News Reports:

 

1.      AI: CHINA: TORTURE AND DEATHS CONTINUE

ACTIVE , DECEMBER 2000

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL DUBLIN CENTRAL GROUP NEWS

CO-ORDINATORS DESK:

As I write this, the number of Falun Gong practitioners who have died in custody in China has risen to 68. By the -time you read it, that number may be higher.

Agence France Presse (AFP) quoted from the Hong Kong based Information Centre for Human Rights and Democracy when reporting the death in early November of Wang Bin, 47, a computer engineer, among others. Wang died after police reportedly beat him for three hours. He is said to have had several bones broken, as well as a punctured artery in his throat.

On October 18 Xie Guiying, a 32 year old woman from Huainan City, is reported to have died after being beaten while resisting arrest. Five days after his arrest for protesting on China's National Day, Liu Yucai, 60, from Jilin province, was dead. The injuries to his neck and ribs suggest that he had been severely beaten. Zou Wenzhi, 54, a chemical plant employee, died on October 16 shortly after his arrest. Rumours were spread that he had committed suicide and his body was cremated, said a Falun Dafa source.

The same source reported the deaths of 50-year-old Dong Yongwei and Wang Youju, a woman aged 64. Wang was detained on July 22 and died of a heart attack nine days later in a detention centre. Zou Songtao, 28, a biology professor at Qingdao Maritime University died in early November in a detention centre in Zobo City. Suicide was said by officials to be the cause of death.

Moves to sue President Jiang

Other reports of deaths of Falun Dafa practitioners received by ACTIVE on November 13 included the story of Gu Jiahong, aged 27, a boiler worker who fell from the sixth floor of Changsha liaison office where he was detained; 61-year-old Pei Ouhua, from Hengyang City, was detained at a drug rehabilitation centre. She died four days after going on hunger strike. Reports by AFP and the human rights centre in Hong Kong say that around 450 members of Falun Dafa have been sentenced to prison terms of up to 18 years, more than 600 have been sent to mental hospitals and 10,000 placed in labour camps. A further 20,000 are-said to be held in temporary detention centres.

Zhao Ming, the postgraduate Trinity student featured in last month's issue of ACTIVE, continues to be detained in Tuanhe labour camp. Falun Gong spokesman Zhang Erping announced recently that the movement would sue Chinese President Jiang Zemin along with the Chinese public security systems for the murder, imprisonment and torture of Falun Gong practitioners.

The newspaper Taiwan Lianhe quoted Zhang as saying that subpoenas would be served and criminal proceedings started as soon as Jiang Zemin or members of the Chinese public security bureau entered the United States.

Tortured to death

One of the people featured in the current campaign against torture, Abdulhelil Abdumijit, a 31-year-old street trader from Gulja City in Xinjiang Uigher Autonomous Region (XUAR), was tortured to death in Chapchal prison on October 17, 2000. Reports say that his body was taken to a cemetery under heavy police guard and buried in a shallow grave. His relatives have been denied access to his grave. Ngawang Sangdrol, a Buddhist nun is one of a number of Tibetans who have made peaceful protests in favour of Tibetan independence. She remains in Drapchi prison. Her sentence has been increased every time she commits minor acts of disobedience or sings pro-independence songs. Born in 1977, she was originally sentenced to three years imprisonment in 1992. In 1999 her sentence was reportedly increased for the third time, on this occasion by four years. The total 21 year sentence is the longest imposed on any woman in Tibet.

Human rights is not a phrase that is popular with the Chinese authorities, but they must eventually realise that the protection of human rights is a priority for the Beijing government, as it is for governments everywhere. China has nothing to lose and much to gain by allowing its citizens the freedom to express their peacefully-held beliefs.

Zhao Ming and the other Falun Gong practitioners who are imprisoned should be released. Torture and ill-treatment of detainees should cease immediately.

2.      AFP: Six Falungong members reported dead in Chinese police detention

10/30/00 (New York)

BEIJING, Oct 30 (AFP) - Six more followers of the Falungong spiritual movement have died in Chinese police detention, the movement and a human rights group said Monday.

The deaths bring to more than 60 the number of group members who are reported to have died in suspicious circumstances in police custody since the Falungong was banned in July last year.

Wang Bin, a 47-year-old computer engineer in northeastern Heilongjiang province died early this month after police beat him for three hours, the Hong Kong-based Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy said.

The beating, which took place at a correctional facility in Daqing late last month, broke several bones in Wang's body, blinded him in the left eye, and punctured an artery in his throat.

Xie Guiying, a 32-year-old woman from Huainan city in eastern Anhui province, died on October 18, one day after she was beaten while refusing arrest, the center said.

Liu Yucai, a resident of northeastern Jilin province aged 60, was one among hundreds of Falungong followers arrested for demonstrating in Beijing's Tiananmen Square on the October 1 National Day, according to the center.

He died five days later in a Beijing detention center, severe injuries to his ribs and neck suggesting he had been beaten to death, the center said.

Police and prison authorities refused all comment on the three cases.

Three other cases reported on Monday were from the area around Dalian city in northeastern Liaoning province, a hotbed of Falungong activity.

Zou Wenzhi, 54, a worker at a chemical plant under Dalian Dahua Group, died shortly after being taken into custody on October 16, said a Falungong member.

Factory executives immediately started spreading rumors that Zou had committed suicide, and sent his body to the mortuary where it was cremated, he said.

Both the factory and police in Dalian refused to make any comment.

In the second case, 50-year-old Dong Yongwei from a village near Dalian died hours after being released from 12 days of detention in early August, he said.

Dong's body was covered in bruises and he was unable to speak on his release, said the source.

The third fatality, a 64-year-old woman named Wang Youju, was a former principal of a public health school in Wafangdian, a city about 75 kilometers (45 miles) north of Dalian, the Falungong follower said.

Wang was detained on July 22, and died of a heart attack nine days later in a Wafangdian detention center.

An official at Wang's former school contacted Monday by AFP confirmed she had died of a heart attack, but declined further comment.

China's communist government sees the Falungong as the biggest threat to its one-party rule since the 1989 Tiananmen democracy protests and banned the movement in July 1999.

On October 30, 1999, China's legislature formally labelled the group an "XX," opening the way for a further crackdown.

Members of the spiritual group follow the Buddhist-inspired teachings of their exiled guru Li Hongzhi, who advocates clean living and group morning exercises that involve traditional Chinese breathing routines.

Since Falungong was banned 62 members have died in custody, according to the Hong Kong-based right center, which has not included the three Dalian cases in its count.

Some 450 members have received prison sentences of up to 18 years, more than 600 have been sent to mental hospitals, 10,000 have been placed in labor camps and another 20,000 locked up in temporary detention centers, according to the rights center.

3.      AP: Three Falun Gong members die in custody

12.10 p.m. ET (1724 GMT) October 30, 2000

BEIJING (AP) A human rights group said Monday that three followers of Falun Gong died in police custody, including one man who the group said was beaten to death after refusing to renounce his membership in the meditation [group].

Wang Bin, a 47-year-old computer specialist, was beaten for three hours by guards at the Dongfeng labor camp, the Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy reported. He died Oct. 5, the Hong Kong-based group said.

The group also said Xie Guiying, 32, died of a beating at a police station on Oct. 18 in the eastern city of Zhunan. Liu Yucai, 60, a private doctor from northeastern Jilin province, died in a Beijing police station on Oct. 6, the report said.

The deaths raise to 62 the number of sect followers who have died in detention since China banned the Falun Gong in July 1999.

Chinese officials have declined to discuss individual reports of police abuse against Falun Gong members, but deny that any followers have died from police mistreatment.

Wang's former colleagues at an oil field management institute in the northern city of Daching are demanding that his killers be prosecuted, and sent a representative to discuss the case with police on Monday, the human rights group said.

 ….

 

17.            Li Wenrui Died in Beijing Police Custody

 

Victim:

Li Wenrui, male, 37, resident and an official at the Foreign Trade Bureau of Harbin city, Heilongjiang province

  

Location of Torture and Death:

 

1.      The Mentougou District Police Station, Beijing

2.      The Daoli Police Station, Harbin, Heilongjiang province

 

Perpetrators:

 

1.      The Head and police from the Mentougou Police Station, Beijing

2.      The Head and police from the Daoli Police Station, Harbin, Heilongjiang province

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On July 11, 2000, Mr. Li Wenrui was detained at the Daoli Police Station, Harbin city for being a Falun Gong practitioner. The police beat him when he refused to renounce Falun Gong.

 

On November 6, 2000, Mr. Li Wenrui went to Beijing to appeal to the government to stop the persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. He was arrested and sent to the Mentougou Police Station, Beijing.

 

On November 9, 2000, his family was notified of his death. Mr. Li's wife went to Beijing to view his body and found his skull had a big hole in it and that his body was covered with bruises.

 

News Reports:

 

1.      AP: 2 Falun Gong Practitioners Die in Custody

The Associated Press

Tuesday, Nov. 21, 2000; 11:58 a.m. EST

BEIJING -- Two more followers of the banned Falun Gong spiritual group have died in Chinese police custody and another will go on trial for spying, a human rights group said Tuesday.

Li Wenrui, a 37-year-old government trade official from the northeastern city of Harbin, died Nov. 9, three days after his arrest in Beijing for protesting the government crackdown on Falun Gong, the Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy said. Police said Li killed himself by jumping out a window, but relatives said they suspected he was beaten to death, the Hong Kong-based center said.

Yang Guijin, 40, was arrested for distributing pamphlets and died Oct. 15 at a detention center in eastern Shandong province after a weeklong hunger strike to protest beatings by guards, the center said.

The deaths raise to 70 the number of Falun Gong followers who have died in detention since Falun Gong was banned in July 1999, the center said.

The information center also reported that Teng Chunyan, 37, who has a Chinese passport and also has permanent resident status in the United States, will go on trial Thursday in Beijing for "gathering intelligence for an overseas organization."

Teng is the first Falun Gong follower with U.S. residency to be tried on charges of spying, which could bring a sentence of more than 10 years, the center said. The indictment said Teng broke the law by mailing information about Falun Gong overseas after arriving in China in March, the center said.

The U.S. Embassy in Beijing said it had no information on Teng, and prosecutors and courts refused to discuss the case.

Falun Gong attracted millions of followers in the 1990s with its health regimen and eclectic philosophy mixing Taoism, Buddhism and the ideas of its founder, former government clerk Li Hongzhi, now believed to be in the United States.

2.      AFP: More [Falun Gong] Deaths 'in Custody'

Agence France-Presse

BEIJING: Two more members of the banned Falun Gong qigong group had been beaten to death in police custody, a human rights group and family members said yesterday.

The Hong Kong-based Information Centre for Human Rights and Democracy in China said that a total of 70 Falun Gong practitioners had now died in police custody since the movement was outlawed [...] in July last year.

Li Wenrui, 37, an official at the Foreign Trade Bureau in the northern city of Harbin, died on November 9 at a detention centre in Beijing, the centre said.

Li was arrested just three days earlier when he protested against the government's crackdown on the group at Tiananmen Square in Beijing. The police notified his family on November 11 that he committed suicide by jumping out of the window at the detention centre, but Li's family members said they were sure he was tortured to death.

``My daughter came to Beijing to see the body and his skull had a big hole in it and there were many bruises on his body. He was definitely killed. He was tightly watched, how could he jump out of the window?' 'Li's mother-in-law Gao Sixian said yesterday.

…

3.      AP: Human Rights Groups Blast China-UN Accord

MARTIN FACKLER

Associated Press Writer

BEIJING (AP) -- The United Nations' top human rights official and senior Chinese leaders differed publicly Tuesday over civil liberties, a day after signing an agreement to cooperate on improving Beijing's rights protections.

An exchange at a conference on economic rights underscored the differing approaches between China and the United Nations despite their agreement Monday to cooperate.

Opening the conference, Communist Party Politburo member Li Tieying insisted human rights were relative, an argument the Communist Party leadership has long used to give economic development priority over rights.

"Each country and each ethnicity has the right to determine its own system for protecting human rights based on its own special conditions," Li said.

When her turn came to speak, Mary Robinson, U.N. high commissioner for human rights, urged China to accept "the universality of human rights" -- a concept underpinning two U.N. rights treaties that Beijing has signed but not ratified.

President Jiang Zemin echoed Li's argument when he met with Robinson, telling her China has "its own way of promoting and protecting human rights," the official Xinhua News Agency reported.

Moving Beijing toward implementing the two treaties -- one on economic, social and cultural rights, the other on civil and political rights -- was a key goal of the new agreement, which rights groups immediately criticized as ineffective.

Under the memorandum signed by Robinson and Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Wang Guangya, China agreed to U.N.-sponsored seminars on reforming its police, court and labor camp systems. The first meeting, set for February, will touch on police powers to send suspects to forced-labor camps for up to three years without trial.

Robinson hailed the agreement as nudging China closer to standards set out in the two rights pacts. But rights groups faulted the agreement for doing no more than calling for workshops and not committing China to change.

"China could use this pretense of cooperation to muzzle U.N. monitoring procedures and public criticism of its human rights situation," New York-based Human Rights in China said in a statement.

Robinson conceded the agreement "won't change everything overnight" but said criticism should be mixed with efforts to help China implement reforms needed for ratification of the two rights pacts.

"It's not enough to criticize some aspects of China's human rights record -- and I have done and will continue to criticize -- unless you're prepared to engage when the door is open," Robinson told reporters at the end of her two-day visit.

Robinson expressed "continuing serious concerns" over curbs on the freedom of expression and dismay at tightened controls over the Internet and detentions of migrants.

During a one-hour, 40-minute meeting with Jiang, she also raised concerns over China's treatment of Tibetans and of the banned Falun Gong [group].

In another sign of continued obstacles, Robinson said she inconclusively pressed Chinese leaders during her two-day visit to allow unfettered access of a U.N. special monitor on torture. His planned visit last year was scotched after China put limits on his activities.

Although China is trying to make its police force more law-abiding, reports of torture and other abuses persist. A rights group reported Tuesday that two more Falun Gong members died in custody, raising the death toll among followers in the 16-month-old crackdown to at least 70.

Yang Guijun died Oct. 15 in Shandong province after a weeklong hunger strike to protest beatings, and Li Wenrui, a trade official from the northeastern city of Harbin, died Nov. 9 in Beijing in what police called a suicide, the Hong Kong-based Information Center for Human Rights and Democracy reported.

….

 

18.            Li Shouqiang Died from Poisoning by Police 

 

Victim:

Li Shouqiang, male, 37, a resident of Wusheng Dongli, employee of the Beijing Automobile General Assembly Plant, Chaoyang District, Beijing

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

1.      The Guanzhuang Branch Police Station, Beijing

2.      The Panjiayuan Branch Police Station, Beijing

3.      The Changping Detention Center, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

1.      The Head and policemen from the Guanzhuang Branch Police Station

2.      The Panjiayuan Branch Police Station and the Changping Detention Center, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On February 16, 2000, Mr. Li Shouqiang was arrested for appealing to the Chinese government to end its persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. He was then detained in the Guanzhuang Branch Police Station. Later, he was forced to attend an anti Falun Gong brainwashing class held by the Panjiayuan Branch Police Station. He was no longer allowed to work for his employer, Beijing Automobile General Assembly Plant.

 

On March 8, 2000, he was arrested again for trying to appeal to stop the persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. At approximately 10:00 p.m., on the same day, three policemen (one of whom was a local policeman named Li Changsheng) escorted him home. Later, Mr. Li was sent to the Changping Detention Center, Beijing, where he was interrogated, beaten and tortured.  Police added large doses of drugs that damage the central nervous system to Mr. Li's soda.

 

On the evening of March 18, 2000, the Panjiayuan Branch Police Station called Mr. Li's family to pick him up from the police station. Mr. Li was confined in an iron cage when his brother and mother saw him. On the way back home, Mr. Li could not speak clearly and said disjointedly that the police had fed him drugs, and put drugs in his soda. They did not allow him to drink water. He was forced to drink everything and not allowed to spit it out. They said it would make him die in two days. They asked Mr. Li's family to pick him up so he would die at home and they wouldn't have any responsibility. Mr. Li said he should not have gone home, he should have died in the police station. There were lines of wounds on the back of his neck, lower back and on both sides of his thighs. He looked dazed and could not think normally. On the morning on March 20, 2000, he died from the maltreatment inflicted upon him while in detention.

 

After the incident, the members of the resident committee called the police. A police vehicle with police and two doctors arrived to perform a so-called autopsy. One policeman revealed that Mr. Li was beaten quite severely in detention. The doctors did not write a single word, nor did they file an autopsy report.

 

19.            Liu Zhilan Died in Police Custody as a Result of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

 

Victim:

Liu Zhilan, female, over 40, from Changgouyu Coal Mine in the Fangshan District of Beijing

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

The Zhoukoudian Police Station, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

Police at the Zhoukoudian Police Station, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On January 10, 2000, Ms. Liu Zhilan, Ms. Pu Shulan and Ms. Li Fuhua from the Changgouyu Coal Mine in the Fangshan District of Beijing were arrested for appealing to the government to stop the persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. They were sent to the Zhoukoudian Police Station that afternoon and forced to shovel snow and clean the police station everyday.

 

On January 14, 2000, the practitioners were instructed to have their lunch near the boiler room of the police station after they finished their forced labor. At approximately 2:00 p.m., all three of the practitioners suffered carbon monoxide poisoning and lost consciousness. They were transferred to the Yanshan District Emergency Room for emergency treatment. After Ms. Liu lost consciousness, she never recovered. When Ms. Liu's family arrived at the hospital, she had already been sent to the morgue.

 

The police threatened the families of the three practitioners and told them that they were not allowed to reveal anything about Ms. Liu's death.

 

News Reports:

 

1.      AP: Two Falun Gong members died in Chinese custody

WIRE:01/26/2000 08:45:00 ET

HONG KONG (AP) _ A practitioner of the Falun Gong sect has died while on hunger strike in Chinese police custody in the southern city of Guangzhou, a newspaper reported Wednesday.

Another Falun Gong believer died while in custody in a police station in suburban Beijing, a rights group said.

The Hong Kong Standard quoted Falun Gong adherents as saying Gao Xianmin was held in a criminal detention center in Guangzhou after being arrested Dec. 31 during a picnic lunch with 10 other members of the sect banned in July by China's communist government.

Some of the Falun Gong practitioners went on a hunger strike but were forced to drink salt water, according to information the Standard said it got from a friend of Gao, Hu Hui. The Hong Kong-based Information Center of Human Rights and Democratic Movement in China said Gao went on the hunger strike to protest being severely beaten and tied up by police.

Gao was taken on Jan. 17 to a hospital but his heart had stopped when he arrived, the Standard said. It quoted a Falun Gong practitioner from Hong Kong, Kan Hung-cheung, as saying Gao died "from circulation and breathing failure."

Gao began practicing Falun Gong in 1994 and had already been jailed for 15 days after demonstrating in Beijing last summer, the newspaper said.

In Beijing, Liu Zhilan, a Falun Gong believer at the Changgouyu coal mine, was detained Jan. 10 after she tried to submit a petition to authorities in the capital, the Information Center said in a statement.

Police at the Zhoukoudian station forced Liu to clean their offices, and she died from breathing gas while resting in the station's furnace room Jan. 14, the Information Center's report said. Police at the station Wednesday refused to comment.

China's communist leadership banned Falun Gong because it feared that its widespread appeal and organizational ability could threaten Communist Party authority. Thousands of Falun Gong adherents have since been arrested and some jailed for as long as 18 years.

Falun Gong remains legal in Hong Kong, where adherents frequently hold demonstrations and complain about treatment of practitioners on the Chinese mainland.

2.      DPA: Two more Falun Gong practitioners die in China police custody

01/26/2000

Deutsche Presse-Agentur

Copyright (c) 2000, dpa

 

Beijing (dpa) - Two more adherents of the banned Falun Gong spiritual movement died this month while in police custody, a Hong Kong-based human rights monitoring group said on Wednesday.

Liu Zhilan, a female practitioner from Beijing's suburban Fangshan district, was found dead in the basement boiler room of the local Zhoukoudian police station on January 14, the Information Centre of Human Rights and Democratic Movement in China said.

Police detained Liu on January 10 after she travelled to Beijing to protest the central government's ban on the movement last July.

She was sent back to Fangshan and ordered to do janitorial work at the Police station. She apparently was killed by poisonous coal gas while she rested in the station's boiler room, the centre said.

Zhoukoudian police contacted by telephone on Wednesday refused to comment on the case.

In southern city of Guangzhou, a male Falun Gong practitioner dropped dead after going on a hunger strike to protest torture by police at the Tangxia detention centre in the city's Tianhe district, the centre said.

Gao, 41, a former biology lab technician at Jinan University in eastern Shandong province, was detained by Guangzhou police on December 31 while attending a New Year's Eve gathering of Falun Gong practitioners.

While in detention, Gao and an unknown number of Falun Gong  detainees began a hunger strike to protest police beatings. On January 15, Gao told police he felt ill and requested release, which the police refused, the centre said.

Two days later, Gao fell into a coma. The police dispatched him to a state-run postal hospital, where he was declared dead of cardiovascular failure some 30 minutes after arrival, the centre said.

An official at the Tangxia Detention Centre contacted by telephone on Wednesday said Gao had been detained at the facility. The official, however, would not confirm Gao's death.

…

 

20.            Wang Lixuan and Her 8-Month-Old Son Tortured to Death in Tuanhe Labor Camp

 

Victims:

1.      Wang Lixuan, female, 27, resident of Nangou Village, Qixiasikou Town, Yantai city, Shandong province

2.      Meng Hao, son of Wang Lixuan, 8 months

 

 

Location of Detention and Death:

 

Tuanhe Labor Camp, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

1.      Officials from Shandong Government Liaison Office in Beijing

2.      Tuanhe Labor Camp, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

On October 21, 2000, Ms. Wang Lixuan and her 8-month-old son, Meng Hao, were arrested by the officials from the local Shandong government's liaison office and detained at Tuanhe Labor Camp in Beijing. They had been on their way to Beijing to appeal to the central government to end the persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners.

 

On November 7, 2000, Wang Lixuan and her son were tortured to death at Tuanhe Labor Camp, Beijing. When her family received the death notice and arrived in Beijing, they found the frozen corpses of Ms. Wang Lixuan and her son. According to the coroner's exam: her neck and knucklebones were broken, her skull was sunken and there was a needle stuck in her body. There were two deep bruises on her son's ankles. There were two black and blue spots on his head and blood in his nose. The bruises may have been caused when the guards of the labor camp shackled little Meng Hao's ankles and hung him upside down.

 

Family members of Ms. Wang Lixuan have also been persecuted. Her sister, Ms. Wang Lihui, was sent to a labor camp merely because she practiced Falun Gong at Yantai University. Her brother was also sent to a labor camp for practicing Falun Gong at Jinan Industrial College.

 

News Reports:

 

1.      WoonsocketCall.com [RI]: Students stage protest march to nation's capital

Joseph Fitzgerald, Staff Writer

June 30, 2001

http://www.cesnur.org/2001/falun_june04.htm

http://www.zwire.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=2025642&BRD=1712&PAG=461&dept_id=24361&rfi=6?p>

2.      Geocities: Falun Gong Practitioners "Light a candle for freedom" in Malta

22 July 2001

http://www.geocities.com/zenbites/zb_2.html

3.      Foster's Online: Falun Gong holds walk in Portsmouth to expose mass killings in China

Jennifer L. Saunders

KITTERY, Maine -- They practice an ancient meditative technique focused on principles of truthfulness, benevolence and tolerance, but in China, Falun Gong practitioners are tortured and killed every day.

With brightly colored balloons symbolizing each of the recorded 260 Falun Gong practitioners tortured to death in China over the past two years, area residents gathered in John Paul Jones Park on Sunday to raise awareness of the persecution currently exercised under Jiang Zemin's [party name omitted] regime.

…

On one placard, a young mother named Wang Lixuan beams as she holds up her infant son, dressed in a yellow suit and cap. Beside the photograph, a narrative described how both mother and baby were tortured and killed in a Chinese labor camp after she was arrested for her defense of Falun Gong.

According to information gathered by U.S. congressional delegates, "women in particular have been the target of numerous forms of sexual violence, including rape, sexual assault, forced abortion" for their practice of Falun Gong.

Haiying He of Boston and Yufeng Liang of Peabody, Mass., shared the personal accounts of their family members who still live in China -- many of whom are currently imprisoned for their practice of Falun Gong.

"I appeal to all the kind-hearted people of the world. Please help me to get my sister and brother out and have my peaceful family back," Liang said.

Marcus Gale of Kittery read a resolution scheduled to be introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives today, urging China to stop the persecution of practitioners of this "peaceful and nonviolent form of personal belief and practice."

…

The resolution calls for the end of all detention, torture and other "cruel, inhumane, and degrading treatment against them and other prisoners of conscious" and urges China to "abide by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by allowing Falun Gong practitioners to pursue their personal beliefs."

…

4.      Reuters: Falun Gong members urge world to condemn China

By Sue Pleming

Wednesday April 18

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A group of Falun Gong followers accused China of widespread torture of the movement's members on Tuesday and urged the world community to support a U.N. vote to debate China's human rights record.

….

"We are here to appeal to the international community and all of the U.N. delegates to support the vote to proceed with this debate and join with the United States to condemn China's actions," Falun Gong follower Keith Ware said at a news conference.

The United States presented a resolution to the U.N. Commission on Human Rights in Geneva last week accusing China of abuses, including repressing Falun Gong, and calling on Beijing to permit greater freedom of religion.

The U.N. Commission is due to convene on Wednesday to vote on whether to debate China's human rights record.

Falun Gong members are holding vigils in major cities Tuesday, including Hong Kong, Washington, Geneva, Paris, San Francisco and Toronto.

Beijing has described the Falun Gong, also known as Falun Dafa, as an "[Chinese government's slanderous term omitted]," a label vehemently disputed by the movement's supporters.

Ware alleged 193 Falun Gong practitioners had been killed since the crackdown by China, many of those in the past few months. Recent deaths included an 8-month-old baby and his mother, 30-year-old Wang Lixuan, he said.

Ware said Wang and her baby died in a Chinese labour camp and that both their bodies were blackened with bruises. He said the woman's family was told Wang and her son committed suicide by jumping off a building.

"We urge China to stop the killing and torture," said Ware, adding that more than half of those deaths were women.

"China cannot hope to become a truly respected member of the world community unless it is willing to take steps to improve its human rights record," he added.

Falun Gong follower Amy Lee, who fled to the United States from China, said she had been persecuted and abused by Chinese authorities and her child was taken away from her because of her support for the movement.

Lee, speaking through an interpreter, said she was beaten unconscious by police who arrested her last May in Tiananmen Square. She said she went on a hunger strike to protest her treatment and was sent to a mental hospital and force-fed.

She said her husband divorced her and got custody of their child, whom she has not seen since. "In the past 19 months, numerous families of Falun Gong practitioners have been separated," she said, adding that she feared arrest if she returned to China.

…

 

21.            Tian Baozhen Died from Torture and Punitive Force-Feeding by Beijing Police

 

Victim:

Tian Baozhen, female, 40, an engineer of the Hubei Textile Design Institute at Yuejiazui in Wuchang District of Wuhan city, Hubei province

  

Location of Torture and Death:

 

1.      The Tiananmen Police Substation, Beijing

2.      The Xuanwu Detention Center, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

1.      The Director and the policemen from the Tiananmen Police Substation, Beijing

2.      The Director and the staff at the Xuanwu Detention Center, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

In mid-November 2000, Ms. Tian Baozhen went to appeal to the government to end its persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. On the morning of November 20, 2000, she was arrested, detained and beaten in the Beijing Tiananmen Police Substation. That afternoon, Ms. Tian was transferred to Xuanwu Detention Center. She went on a hunger strike to protest the maltreatment, and she demanded her immediate release. On the third day of her hunger strike, the staff of the detention center started to punitively force-feed her. When Ms. Tian refused the force-feeding, she was beaten and slapped in the face. While force-feeding Ms. Tian, the staff in the detention center forced her to sit against a wall. One person grabbed her by the hair and held her arms behind her back while two people stepped on both of her legs. Another person forced a tube into her stomach. Ms. Tian suffered much from the inhumane treatment and developed a seriously deteriorated health condition.

 

Later, Ms. Tian was transferred to Henan Public Security Bureau. At the sight of her extreme physical weakness due to her hunger strike and the inhumane abuse she had suffered, the Henan police released her. In her extremely weakened condition, Ms. Tian managed to get on the train headed for Wuhan city, Hubei province. After she arrived at the Wuhan Railway Station, she was too feeble to even move and telephoned her husband. He brought her home by taxi and carried her on his shoulders up the stairs to their residence on the fifth floor. Ms. Tian continuously coughed and had great pain in her chest after arriving at home.

 

On December 11, 2000, Ms. Tian died as a result of the physical abuse received while in detention in Beijing. At the time of her death, the dark bruises on her arms from the policemen's beatings and kicking were still strongly visible.

 

22.            A Male Falun Gong Practitioner Tortured to Death in the Hands of the Mentougou District Police, Beijing

 

Victim:

A Falun Gong practitioner, male, in his 20's

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

1.      The Beijing Mentougou District Police Station

2.      The Beijing Mentougou District Hospital

 

Perpetrators:

 

The Head and police officers from the Beijing Mentougou District Police Station

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

In early December 2000, an unknown Falun Gong practitioner came to Beijing to appeal to the central government to stop persecuting Falun Gong and its practitioners. On December 8, 2000, the Mentougou District Police Station sent him to the emergency unit of Mentougou District Hospital.

 

He died the next day due to severe injuries from beating and torture. According to an eyewitness, he was a man in his twenties, about 1.7 meters high, thin and bare-foot. His ears were frostbitten. His thighs were swollen. There were old wounds all over his body. There were recent scars on all of his fingertips. His belly was shriveled and his digestive tract was empty. It was thought that he had been on a hunger strike for several days. After his death, the No. 7 Unit of the Beijing Public Security Bureau came for a postmortem exam and took pictures. The officials from the No. 7 Unit said if no one claimed the body within one month, it would be cremated.

 

23.            A Female Falun Gong Practitioner was Killed in Tiananmen Square

 

Victim:

A Female Falun Gong Practitioner, about 30

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

The National Flag Podium, Tiananmen Square, Beijing 

 

Perpetrators:

 

Police in Tiananmen Square

 

A Brief Report of Incident:

 

Around 10:30 a.m. on January 1, 2001, at the east side of the National Flag Podium, a female Falun Gong practitioner who was wearing a red alpine jacket and jeans unfurled a yellow Falun Gong banner while saying "Falun Gong is good." A security guard from the National Flag Podium immediately ran up to her and kicked her very hard. The practitioner fell backwards and her back directly hit the fence post. She died instantly with her head leaning on the chain.

 

Upon seeing this incident, the plain-clothes police and security guards dispersed the surrounding people, fearing the incident would be made public. A police van came within seconds. A plain-clothes police officer was reporting with a walkie-talkie that he didn't know what happened. Before the van came to the scene, she had already died. Her legs were inside the fence but her head was outside the fence. The guard who killed the practitioner was replaced before his shift ended in an attempt to conceal the details and responsibility for the practitioner's death.

 

News report:

 

China Denies Falun Gong Practitioner Killed on Tiananmen Square, Agence France-Presse (AFP): Jan. 15, 2001

 

24.            A Female Falun Gong Practitioner Murdered by Beijing Police

 

Victim:

A female Falun Gong Practitioner

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

The Haidian Police Bureau, Beijing, China

 

Perpetrators:

 

1.      Police officers Wang Xiang, Zhang Gang, Zhang Mingsheng, Gao Yan, and Li Hui

2.      Police officer with policeman ID 036993

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

A female practitioner, name unknown, died when she went to Beijing together with another practitioner, Ms. Chu Congrui (who was also tortured to death, see above) to appeal to the government to end the persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. This female practitioner died from being pushed out of an 8th floor window by a policeman from the Haidian Police Bureau. Her mother, who is also a practitioner, was detained there at the time when the female practitioner's body hit the ground. She literally died right in front of her mother.

 

25.            Two Male Falun Gong Practitioners Tortured to Death in the Beijing Miyun County Detention Center

 

Victims:

 

Two male Falun Gong practitioners, in their 30's

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

The Beijing Miyun County Detention Center. The address is 27 Gulouxidajie, Miyun County, Beijing, postal code 101500. Phone number of Miyun County Detention Center: +86-10-69063809

 

Perpetrators:

 

1.      Li Jianhuan, male, an associate Head of the center

2.      Yu Changhai, male, an associate Head of the center. He has been transferred out of the detention center.

3.      Wang Haiying, female, guard

4.      Wang Yinshan, male, guard

5.      Li Boshan, male, guard. Nicknamed "cold-blooded killer"

6.      Zhang Yuzhen, male, guard.

 

A Brief Report of Incident:

 

On December 29 and 30, 2000, a court clerk from Hebei province went to Beijing to receive local practitioners who were arrested while going to Beijing to appeal to the government to end the persecution of Falun Gong and its practitioners. When he arrived at the Miyun Detention Center where practitioners from Hebei province were detained, he saw a tragic scene: two dead bodies lay in a small, dark cell. They appeared to have been in their 30's and looked like they were from other provinces. Their bodies were covered with wounds.

 

He found out from the detention guard, these two dead men were Falun Gong practitioners from outside Beijing who came to Beijing to appeal to the central government to stop the persecution of Falun Gong. They were beaten to death for refusing to renounce Falun Gong. Later, the court clerk told others that he only looked into one cell. He believed there to be more dead practitioners in the Miyun Detention Center.

 

          

26.            Xu Guangdao Beaten to Death in Beijing while in Police Detention

 

Victim:

Xu Guangdao, male, resident of Guizhou province

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

The Dongcheng Detention Center, Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

1.      The Commissar at the Dongcheng Detention Center, Beijing

2.      Deputy Director Guo, from the Dongcheng Detention Center, Beijing

3.      A guard from the Dongcheng Detention Center, Beijing

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

Mr. Xu Guangdao went to Tiananmen Square to appeal to the government to stop persecuting Falun Gong. He was arrested and kept in Group 4, Branch 2 of the Dongcheng Detention Center in Beijing. Mr. Xu went on a hunger strike to appeal for his right to practice Falun Gong. He was beaten several times and tortured with electric needles.

 

In February 2001, Mr. Xu was left critically injured from a severe beating, and was carried back to his cell by inmates. He could neither turn over in bed nor go to the toilet. He also started spitting up blood.

 

He died later that evening. In order to cover up what happened, the head of Dongcheng Detention Center directed inmates and the head of each cell to give the same account of the incident according to his commands. They claimed that Mr. Xu died from an illness. Later the head of a cell leaked out the truth that Mr. Xu Guangdao was beaten to death by the Commissar, Deputy Director Guo, and a guard from the detention center.

 

27.            Wang Yan Died while in Police Custody

 

Victim:

Wang Yan, female, about 50 years old, resident of Changchun city, Jilin province

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

The Beijing Police Department

 

Perpetrators:

 

The chief and police from the Beijing Police Department

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

Ms. Wang Yan had become homeless due to persecution by the local police, because she refused to stop practicing Falun Gong. In January 2001, Ms. Wang went to Beijing to appeal to the government to stop persecuting Falun Gong and its practitioners. She was arrested and beaten by the Beijing Police Department and died while in police custody. No detailed information is available due to the information blockade of the Chinese government

 

28.            Hu Xiuying Died while in Police Custody

 

Victim:

 

Hu Xiuying, female, a resident of Goubangzi, Liaoning province

 

Location of Torture and Death:

 

Fenglong Hotel in Beijing

 

Perpetrators:

 

The Head and officers from the Beijing Police Department

 

A Brief Report of the Incident:

 

Ms. Hu Xiuying went to Beijing to appeal to the government to end the persecution of Falun Gong. Before she made any appeal, she was arrested at the Fenglong Hotel in Beijing while police were searching hotels to arrest Falun Gong practitioners. She was detained and interrogated. Since she refused to renounce her practice of Falun Gong, she was tortured by the Beijing police. The police beat and tortured her to death.

 

 

type=Case, Death; location=Beijing


     
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